Solutions and solution advantagesA strategy that would have a worldwide impact would be the production of biodegradable materials. The reason for this is because biodegradable materials undergo self degradation in the environment and disappear/dissolve as simple chemical compounds integrated in the cycle of chemical elements. This would create an environmental positive impact which would most likely decrease the volume of litter. ┬áThis may also increase the amount of litter due to the mindset of humans being otherwise to the objective of this article. To more school friendly solutions, biodegradable materials would not be the most appropriate. Recycling bins would impact the school environment since rubbish releases damaging chemicals as well as greenhouse gases. Reduction of pollution caused by waste is also positively affected by recycling. Whilst recycling reduces production for raw materials and requires less energy, rainforests and natural resources are able to be preserved.The reduction of food packaging would minor both things mentioned above; the biodegradable materials and littering in general since all packages would be recycled; less production would be needed. A significant amount of wasted food and packaging is especially generated in establishments such as our cafeteria. Between 4%-10% of food purchases is thrown out before even reaching the plate. Reducing food packaging, a significant reduce in waste and money will appear. The reduction of wasted food and packaging brings a few benefits: Saving money by lowering the over-purchase and disposal costs Reduction of environmental impacts Health and odor concerns will be reduced with food disposalDisadvantages of the solutions As much as the solutions have many advantages when minimizing the production of litter, they are all followed with their disadvantages which are able to harm humans, animals and the environment. When a material is biodegraded, the waste contains types of organic matter in which can be broken down into a few chemicals; carbon dioxide, water, methane or any simple organic molecules. These are broken down by various microorganisms and alternative living organisms in which the process happens by composting, aerobic digestion (bacteria multiplying in the presence of oxygen), anaerobic digestion (dangerous bacteria living in areas with no oxygen) or any complementary processes.This means that the biodegradable materials are able to degrade to the point where these types of microorganisms absolutely metabolise the material to CO2 and H2O. An example would be starch-based products composed from feasible farming methods can almost be carbon neutral. Recycling bins contain many unhygienic, unhealthy and unsightly conditions. The spread of many infectious diseases as well as harmful chemicals may appear during the waste piling on. In addition to causing massive pollution, the recycling cycle poses health risks for individuals responsible for recycling these waste products. When this waste comes in contact with water, the leachate left behind will pollute the water bodies. While food packaging production is improving it’s safety, convenience and reduction of theft, there are a number of disadvantages coming along. Packaging is able to be cumbersome, expensive and environmentally damaging over the period of validity. Customers attention is attracted by the packaging, adding value to a product and increasing the cost of production and the consequent retail price. 40% of the selling product price is represented in packaging. It is expensive to develop new packaging which increases the cost of the products. ConclusionLitter is one of the most major worldwide issues that still to this day has great impacts to us humans, animals and most importantly the environment. The reduction of litter has various ways in which this could be done; biodegradable materials, recycling bins (more school friendly), and reduction of product packaging. Whilst all solutions contain their benefits and advantages, they are each followed by their disadvantages. Whilst the biodegradable materials dissolve/disappear, the waste contains organic matter which is broken down into carbon dioxide, methane or any simple organic molecules and is able to cause pollution into the air automatically making it more dangerous for humans. The recycling process contains many disadvantages regarding hygiene and infectious bacteria being harmful for both mankind and the environment. Whilst packaging attracts the customers, it is increasingly more expensive causing the product itself to rise in price. This is why the need of packaging reduction is urgent. Advantages and disadvantages are followed by each of the solution to little which is considerable.