Diversity
implies a variety of differences contained within a larger society
Society
a group of human beings distinguishable from other groups by mutual interests, characteristic relationships, shared institutions and a common culture
Culture
a set of learned beliefs, values and behaviors the way of life shared by the members of a society
Ethnicity
indicates identification with a particular group which is often descended from common ancestors. Members of the group share common cultural traits (such as language,  religion, and dress)
Minorities
generally refers to a group that does not form a majority of the total population, or while not necessarily a numerical minority, is disadvantaged or otherwise has less power (whether political or economic) than a dominant group.

Bias
a preconceived outlook – can be favorable or unfavorable
Discrimination
to make a negative distinction against a person or group not according to their actual merit but upon a group or personal bias.
Segregation
often refers to a specific racial, religious, and/or cultural group forced to withdraw from the general society.
Community
A group of people having common rights and privileges, and/or common interests, civil, political, etc. and living under the same laws and regulations
Labels
 an  attempt to identify and describe people – can be good or bad
Prejudice
passing judgment prematurely – usually refers to forming unfavorable attitudes or opinions without reason or knowledge.
The 3 primary minority groups in the U.S.

·      Hispanic/Latino (13.5%)·      African-American (13%)·      Asian-American (3-4%)
Approximate Educational Attainment by ethnicity:African American
Less than HS :21%HS: 79%Bachelor or more: 17%
Approximate Educational Attainment by ethnicity: Hispanic/ Latino

Less than HS :34%HS: 66%Bachelor or more: 11%

Approximate Educational Attainment by ethnicity:Caucasian 

Less than HS :12%HS: 88%Bachelor or more: 29%

Average Life Expectancy:African American
Male: 69Women: 77
Average Life Expectancy:Caucasian 

Male: 76Women: 81

Average Life Expectancy:Hispanic/Latino

Male: 73Women: 78

Average Life Expectancy:Asian-American

Male: 81Women: 87

Average Family Size: African-American

2: 33%3: 22%4: 25%5+: 20%

Average Family Size: Hispanic/Latino

2: 22%3: 20%4: 27%5+: 31%

Average Family Size: Caucasian 

2: 47%3: 20%4: 21%5+: 12%
Women
Prefer feeling
Women
Score better on tests of verbal ability and memory
Women
Prefer feeling
Women
Score better on tests of verbal ability and memory
Women
Self worth defined by feelings and the quality of relationships
Women
Discuss problems to give/receive emotional support
Women
Attempt suicide more frequently
Women
Rank Kindness and Intelligence as most important traits in a partner
Women
Rank financial and social status as the next most important traits in a partner
Women
more likely to graduate from college – they now make up about 57% of college graduates
Women
 outnumber —– throughout the lifespan, and this gap widens as we age
Men&Women
Rank Kindness and Intelligence as most important traits in a partner
Men
3-4 times more likely to die by suicide
Men
Discuss problems to analyze, seek solutions
Men
Self worth is defined through accomplishments and achieving goals
Men
Talk mostly in pubic/business situations
Men
Score better on tests of mathematical and spatial ability
Men
Prefer thinking
Men
Rank youth and beauty as the next most important traits in a partner
Cephalo-caudal
motor development which occurs progressively downward from the head and neck finally to the feet and toes
Proximo-distal
motor development which progresses from the center of the body (midline) outward to the extremities.
Refinement
is the simple-to-complex or gross to fine development
Gross
deals with reflexes, postures, locomotion, and other whole body movements.
Fine
is concerned with the sequence of milestones in reaching, grasping, manipulation.

Perceptual
includes milestones related to vision & hearing.
Conceptual- is concerned with the sequence of milestones in the following areas of related to:
a. objectsb. imitationc. classificationd. knowledge of time and gendere.

making analogies/comparisons

Social-emotional – involves the increasing ability related to:
a. attachment to persons and objectsb. ability to differentiate between feelingsc. the emergence of independenced.

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self-help – consists of eating, bathing dressing, grooming, toileting

Communication
related to receptive and expressive areas.