9/13/2011 Review – Exam 1 How do we define abnormal behavior? What is the DSM-IV definition? Epidemiological terms Incidence Prevalence Co-morbidity Review – Exam 1 Historical Perspectives Supernatural Biological Psychological Identify each perspectives explanation for the cause of behavior and treatment methods, key figures and their contributions. 1 9/13/2011 Review – Exam 1 Physiological explanations of abnormal behavior Pathogen/disease Genetic flaw (chromosomal abnormality v. genetic mutation) Diathesis-stress model Explain and give an example of each pathway to mental illness Review – Exam 1Behavioral Genetics What does it aim to study? (Hint: heritability) Identify and explain the basic research methods. 0 Twin studies 0 Family studies 0 Adoption studies Review – Exam 1 Know the basic neurotransmitters implicated in psychopathology How are neurotransmitters thought to contribute to mental illness? What suggests that abnormalities in neurotransmitter activity are not the sole cause of mental illness? 2 9/13/2011 Review – Exam 1 Clinical assessment Reliability Validity Standardization What do these terms mean? How are they related to the various types of psychological tests?Review – Exam 1 Mental Status Exam What are its components? Psychological testing Projective tests Objective tests Explain the difference between each type and give two examples of each. Review – Exam 1 How is neuroimaging used in assessment/diagnosis? Identify some of the issues associated with the current revision of the DSM.
3 9/13/2011 Review – Exam 1 Characteristics of depressed mood Characteristics of manic mood Major Depression Postpartum Depression SAD Dysthymia Know the characteristics and general information about each unipolar disorderReview – Exam 1 Bipolar I Bipolar II Cyclothymia Know Kno the basic characteristics and general information about each disorder. Mood disorders Identify and explain the suggested causes Identify and explain the treatment methods Review – Exam 1 Suicide Ideation Attempt Completion Know the general frequency and demographics for each subdivision Identify and explain some potential methods of suicide prevention 4 9/13/2011 Review – Exam 1 Anxiety Disorders Identify and explain characteristic symptoms 0 Anxiety 0 Panic attacks 0 Phobias 0 Obsessions 0 CompulsionsReview – Exam 1 Anxiety disorders Identify the criteria for diagnosis of 0 GAD 0 OCD 0 Panic disorder 0 Phobias Specific Social Agoraphobia Review – Exam 1 Anxiety disorders Identify and explain the causes of anxiety disorders Explain how learning contributes to anxiety disorders. 0 What does the preparedness model suggest? 5 9/13/2011 Review – Exam 1 Identify and explain treatments for anxiety disorders Systematic desensitization Interoceptive exposure Exposure and response prevention Relaxation/breathing CBT Medication 6