THE ANALYSIS OF ‘NO POVERTY’ WITHPANCASILA AND CIVIC EDUCATION IN INDONESIA TPB AssignmentSemester I – 2017ELLSYEAMALIA180104170021FakultasIlmu Budaya UNIVERSITAS PADJADJARAN SUMEDANG 2017 PREFACE            Firstly, I would like to thank Godfor its grace in making this paper in time.

The goal of writing this paper arenot simply to fulfill the score but also to find out more about the subjectthat I have been interested to write on for a long time. Essentially povertyhas been a huge issue in Indonesia, and I believe in taking part ofnation-building through every means.              As the writer, I realized that thispaper is not without its flaws, and obviously will be looking forward to critiquesand criticism to create a better paper in the future. As a great opportunitythere is, I would like to thank the lecturers for the information and allparties for its support given to me, as it more than helps me in writing thispaper.  Jatinangor,31 December 2017                                                                                                                           Writer  CONTENTSPREFACE………………………….

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.…………………………………………………….. iCONTENTS ……………………………………………………………………………….iiCHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION….

.……………………………………………………. 11.1  Background…………………………………………………………………….. 11.2  Scope of Analysis………………………………..

…………………………….. 11.3  The Objective ofAnalysis……………………………………………………… 1CHAPTER II: ANALYSIS……………………………………………………………….

12.1 What is Poverty?……………………………………….………………………  22.2 What is Sustainable Development Goals  (SDGs)?………………………….

2CHAPTER III: CLOSING…………………………………………………………          x3.1 Conclusion………………………………………………………………….       x3.2 Recommendations……………………………………………………..              xREFERENCES   CHAPTER IINTRODUCTION1.

1  BackgroundAs part of the UnitedNations (UN), Indonesia has been a profound member in supporting the GlobalGoals or Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), as the universal move to endproblems arising in our planet to peace and prosperity. The support UnitedNations Development Program (UNDP) has been strong, as well as efforts made bythe government to lift citizens out of poverty and to welfare. Unfortunately,the conditions are not as a lot hoped it to be. Currently, there are stillcitizens living in poverty but is not receiving what called as welfare.

Theystill living below the poverty line, and discussions need to take place. 1.2  Scope of AnalysisThe analysis given throughthis paper would be limited in discussing several reasons how mass poverty isstill around in this nation, and in extend discuss further the SustainableDevelopment Goals of No Poverty with civic education and the Pancasila ofIndonesia. 1.3  The Objective of AnalysisThis paper’s purpose is to give moreattention towards the current condition in Indonesia, and to give an analysisfor people to be able to understand the current issue and the context withPancasila and civic education in the country. CHAPTER IIANALYSISAccordingto United Nations Development Programme (2017), every single day about 250.

000 peopleworldwide are able to climb out of poverty and poverty is not increasing andinstead declining as the world progresses. Poverty is seen as a social class orat times a disease that needs to be eradicated. Government is always pushingfor program that eradicated poverty, may it be to put welfare programs such asfree healthcare to the poor by releasing Kartu Indonesia Sehat (KIS) and thegovernment body to regulates and control it. Before discussing further one ofthe goal of United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) of No Poverty, it isimportant to ask the important questions first. WHAT IS POVERTY? Theword poverty itself is often used to talk about economic conditions that meansthe person is unable to fulfill their own needs, as they do not have enoughmoney.

 The word poverty is known beforethe industrial revolution, as the industrial revolution has helped developedcountries decreased the numbers, and Badan Pusat Statistik itself defined povertyas condition that a person or a community does not have the financialcapability to enjoy minimum standard of living that society deem as acceptablesuch as food and non-food. This means that the poverty that Indonesians need totackle must includes the solutions to help people to no longer live worryingabout the money they currently has that is not enough for their essentialneeds. WHAT IS SUSTAINABLEDEVELOPMENT GOALS?            Kates,Parris and Leiserowitz (2016) mentioned that sustainable development arguablyviewed as social movement that combined a group of people with common beliefsto achieve certain goals. Therefore, the goals created by the United NationsDevelopment Programme that has 17 different individual goals for the world toachieve by 2030 is something the world needed to do. It was created in 2015 andmeant to be achieved in 15 years since creation.

Poverty itself was somethingseen as something that needs to be taken care of. Kates et al (2016) alsostated, that “the global solidarity movement seeks to support poor people indeveloping countries in ways that go beyond the altruistic support fordevelopment funding.” So the nations and world no longer seeks to tackle povertyjust to help others in need out of pure altruistic motives but also the createa better world for everyone. Goalsmade by the UN are also seen as one of the important things that the worldshould do, and meant to support the world globally and get everyone and everynation on board to help tackle the problems all around the world. The UnitedNations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are considered as the mostsignificant effort made by the world so far to move forward the sustainabledevelopment globally. (Wackernagel, Hanscom, and Lin., 2017).

It is alsoimportant to know that as the sustainable development has been a goal that theworld would like to achieve in 15 years therefore it is important to not onlyput a blind eye towards the other goals, although this paper would only discussone of them as discussing all of them would be too broad despite interconnectedat times, as it is related one another and needs to be pursued together. EFFECTS OF IDEOLOGY ANDCIVIC EDUCATION IN INDONESIAPancasilais known to be Indonesia’s unique ideology, the way of seeing the world, thatuniquely differentiate Indonesians from the rest of the world. Indonesiansrecognize democracy, the idea of religion guiding the way of life, the idea ofsocialism at times. We should focus on the 5th, which is the idea ofachieving social justice for all the people of Indonesia.

The preamble of theconstitution of the Republic of Indonesia also tells us the goal of our nationis to protect all of the people, independence and land, improving the welfare ofthe public and to educate the life of the people and participate towards theestablishment of world order based on freedom, peace and social justice andtherefore No Poverty of SDGs would put a very important role for Indonesians.  Wealso have to recognize the role of civic education and Pancasila in creatingnationalism in combating poverty in Indonesia. Maftuh (2008) argued that civiceducation would develop the intelligence, responsibility and participation innation building. With the help of nationalism, our priorities would be morealigned in helping citizens to get out of poverty lines. Realizing theresponsibility that every citizen holds and the feeling of wanting toparticipate in the nation’s problems means that more and more citizens would beinclined to combat poverty. This increases the urgency and importance of civiceducation and Pancasila in Indonesian’s education system in combating poverty. Thefact that social justice was put in the nation’s main goals with welfare of thepublic makes a compelling argument about the state of Indonesia.

That meansthat Indonesia as a state should put all its resources and its policies alwaysin the interest of increasing welfare of the public. The first sustainabledevelopment goal of No Poverty should be a priority. Which brings us to thenext discussion which is No Poverty as a goal of the state. NO POVERTY AS GOALSarris(2001) mentioned that overall poverty could be reduced with overall economicgrowth.  Government needs to employ programthat specifically targets overall economic growth and the people currentlyliving in poverty would also be improved on its own, that is the goal.

Withthat in mind, then the idea of “No Poverty” could be achieved, as Indonesia shouldpursue as much as economic growth and tackling two problems with one. Pandia(2016) has argued that decentralization also puts a better push towards abetterment in economy, thus reducing poverty. Pandia (2016) also stated thatdecentralization also helps in allowing local governments to be creative andinnovative despite acknowledging that capacity of local government still needsthe guidance and regulations from the central government in order to help theprocess in the future. Indonesiais a nation full of prospects and opportunities and therefore estimations arealso made. It is estimated that Indonesia in 2050 would move Japan out of the 4thmost powerful economy in the world, below China, India and the United States.

(PwC UK, 2017) With that in mind, hopefully Indonesia could be able to reachthe goal of lifting the whole nation out of poverty in the future, sooner thanlater. Badan Pusat Statistik (2014) also released data stating that Indonesiahas made significant progress in reducing the poverty from 47.97 million people(1999) to 28.

28 million people (2014) which means Indonesia has decreased thepopulation’s in poverty from 23% to 12%. That means that the government in morethan a decade has done a great job in decreasing the amount of poverty, alsoarguably this must keep going and not decreasing. CHAPTER IIICLOSING3.1Conclusion            Indonesia ismoving forward, and with the data from BPS and also prediction from internationalcommunity stating that Indonesia would be successful in the future as theworld’s 4th economy means that Indonesia is now going the right way.We are currently going well in building our nation, despite recently facing thegreatest challenge in 1999 to our economy. The idea of No Poverty with thecombination of Pancasila as our nation’s ideology along with civic educationshould be the supplement in pushing our economy forward.  3.

2Recommendations          Acknowledgingthe fact that Indonesia is going forward means the program is going well. Ascitizens, Indonesians should be the main supporter of the policies made by thegovernment, give critics when necessary and always be the evaluator of thegovernment’s policy, making sure that the government would not derail beforeachieving the necessary growth for the citizens in poverty. Indonesia should alsokeep the good policies that currently going like civic education and the teachingsof Pancasila in increasing the nationalism of citizens. REFERENCESBadan Pusat Statistik, (2014).Penghitungan dan Analisis KemiskinanMakro Indonesia Tahun 2014. Jakarta:BPS Hawksworth, John.,Clarry, Rob., Audino, Hannah.

(2017) TheLong View: How will the global economic order change by 2050? London:PricewaterhouseCoopersKates, W. Robert.,Parris, M. Thomas.

, Leiserowitz, A. Anthony., What is Sustainable Development? Goals, Indicators, Values, andPractice. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Taylor & FrancisMafuth, Bunyamin. (2008) Internalisasi Nilia-Nilai Pancasila danNasionalisme Melalui Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan. Indonesia: IndonesiaEducation UniversitySarris, Alexander H.

(2001) The Role of Agriculture inEconomic Development and Poverty Reduction: An Empirical and ConceptualFoundation. Athens: University of AthensSejahtera, Pandia.,(2016) Decentralization and Poverty inIndonesia: The Case of Karo District Jawa Timur, Indonesia: BrawijayaUniversityTempo. (2017) Jumlah Penduduk Miskin Meningkat, IniPenyebabnya. Retrieved from https://bisnis.

tempo.co/read/892039/jumlah-penduduk-miskin-meningkat-ini-penyebabnya.United NationsDevelopment Programme. (2017).

Povertyisn’t permanent. Retrieved from http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/ourwork/ourstories/poverty-isn_t-permanent.html.Wackernagel, Mathis.

,Hanscom, Laurel., Lin, David. (2017) Makingthe Sustainable Development Goals Consistent with Sustainability.

Oakland,California, USA: Global Footrprint Network