THE ANALYSIS OF ‘NO POVERTY’ WITH
PANCASILA AND CIVIC EDUCATION IN INDONESIA

 

TPB Assignment

Semester I – 2017

ELLSYE
AMALIA

180104170021

Fakultas
Ilmu Budaya

 

UNIVERSITAS PADJADJARAN

SUMEDANG

2017

 

PREFACE

            Firstly, I would like to thank God
for its grace in making this paper in time. The goal of writing this paper are
not simply to fulfill the score but also to find out more about the subject
that I have been interested to write on for a long time. Essentially poverty
has been a huge issue in Indonesia, and I believe in taking part of
nation-building through every means.  

            As the writer, I realized that this
paper is not without its flaws, and obviously will be looking forward to critiques
and criticism to create a better paper in the future. As a great opportunity
there is, I would like to thank the lecturers for the information and all
parties for its support given to me, as it more than helps me in writing this
paper.

 

 

Jatinangor,
31 December 2017

 

 

                                                                                                                         Writer

 

 

CONTENTS

PREFACE…………………………..…………………………………………………….. i

CONTENTS ……………………………………………………………………………….
ii

CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION…..……………………………………………………. 1

1.1  Background…………………………………………………………………….. 1

1.2  Scope of Analysis………………………………..…………………………….. 1

1.3  The Objective of
Analysis……………………………………………………… 1

CHAPTER II: ANALYSIS………………………………………………………………. 1

2.1 What is Poverty?……………………………………….………………………  2

2.2 What is Sustainable Development Goals  (SDGs)?……………………………. 2

CHAPTER III: CLOSING…………………………………………………………          x

3.1 Conclusion………………………………………………………………….       x

3.2 Recommendations……………………………………………………..              x

REFERENCES

 

 

 

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

1.1  Background

As part of the United
Nations (UN), Indonesia has been a profound member in supporting the Global
Goals or Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), as the universal move to end
problems arising in our planet to peace and prosperity. The support United
Nations Development Program (UNDP) has been strong, as well as efforts made by
the government to lift citizens out of poverty and to welfare. Unfortunately,
the conditions are not as a lot hoped it to be. Currently, there are still
citizens living in poverty but is not receiving what called as welfare. They
still living below the poverty line, and discussions need to take place.

1.2  Scope of Analysis

The analysis given through
this paper would be limited in discussing several reasons how mass poverty is
still around in this nation, and in extend discuss further the Sustainable
Development Goals of No Poverty with civic education and the Pancasila of
Indonesia.

1.3  The Objective of Analysis

This paper’s purpose is to give more
attention towards the current condition in Indonesia, and to give an analysis
for people to be able to understand the current issue and the context with
Pancasila and civic education in the country.

CHAPTER II

ANALYSIS

According
to United Nations Development Programme (2017), every single day about 250.000 people
worldwide are able to climb out of poverty and poverty is not increasing and
instead declining as the world progresses. Poverty is seen as a social class or
at times a disease that needs to be eradicated. Government is always pushing
for program that eradicated poverty, may it be to put welfare programs such as
free healthcare to the poor by releasing Kartu Indonesia Sehat (KIS) and the
government body to regulates and control it. Before discussing further one of
the goal of United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) of No Poverty, it is
important to ask the important questions first.

WHAT IS POVERTY?

The
word poverty itself is often used to talk about economic conditions that means
the person is unable to fulfill their own needs, as they do not have enough
money.  The word poverty is known before
the industrial revolution, as the industrial revolution has helped developed
countries decreased the numbers, and Badan Pusat Statistik itself defined poverty
as condition that a person or a community does not have the financial
capability to enjoy minimum standard of living that society deem as acceptable
such as food and non-food. This means that the poverty that Indonesians need to
tackle must includes the solutions to help people to no longer live worrying
about the money they currently has that is not enough for their essential
needs.

WHAT IS SUSTAINABLE
DEVELOPMENT GOALS?

            Kates,
Parris and Leiserowitz (2016) mentioned that sustainable development arguably
viewed as social movement that combined a group of people with common beliefs
to achieve certain goals. Therefore, the goals created by the United Nations
Development Programme that has 17 different individual goals for the world to
achieve by 2030 is something the world needed to do. It was created in 2015 and
meant to be achieved in 15 years since creation. Poverty itself was something
seen as something that needs to be taken care of. Kates et al (2016) also
stated, that “the global solidarity movement seeks to support poor people in
developing countries in ways that go beyond the altruistic support for
development funding.” So the nations and world no longer seeks to tackle poverty
just to help others in need out of pure altruistic motives but also the create
a better world for everyone.

Goals
made by the UN are also seen as one of the important things that the world
should do, and meant to support the world globally and get everyone and every
nation on board to help tackle the problems all around the world. The United
Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are considered as the most
significant effort made by the world so far to move forward the sustainable
development globally. (Wackernagel, Hanscom, and Lin., 2017). It is also
important to know that as the sustainable development has been a goal that the
world would like to achieve in 15 years therefore it is important to not only
put a blind eye towards the other goals, although this paper would only discuss
one of them as discussing all of them would be too broad despite interconnected
at times, as it is related one another and needs to be pursued together.

EFFECTS OF IDEOLOGY AND
CIVIC EDUCATION IN INDONESIA

Pancasila
is known to be Indonesia’s unique ideology, the way of seeing the world, that
uniquely differentiate Indonesians from the rest of the world. Indonesians
recognize democracy, the idea of religion guiding the way of life, the idea of
socialism at times. We should focus on the 5th, which is the idea of
achieving social justice for all the people of Indonesia. The preamble of the
constitution of the Republic of Indonesia also tells us the goal of our nation
is to protect all of the people, independence and land, improving the welfare of
the public and to educate the life of the people and participate towards the
establishment of world order based on freedom, peace and social justice and
therefore No Poverty of SDGs would put a very important role for Indonesians.  

We
also have to recognize the role of civic education and Pancasila in creating
nationalism in combating poverty in Indonesia. Maftuh (2008) argued that civic
education would develop the intelligence, responsibility and participation in
nation building. With the help of nationalism, our priorities would be more
aligned in helping citizens to get out of poverty lines. Realizing the
responsibility that every citizen holds and the feeling of wanting to
participate in the nation’s problems means that more and more citizens would be
inclined to combat poverty. This increases the urgency and importance of civic
education and Pancasila in Indonesian’s education system in combating poverty.

The
fact that social justice was put in the nation’s main goals with welfare of the
public makes a compelling argument about the state of Indonesia. That means
that Indonesia as a state should put all its resources and its policies always
in the interest of increasing welfare of the public. The first sustainable
development goal of No Poverty should be a priority. Which brings us to the
next discussion which is No Poverty as a goal of the state.

NO POVERTY AS GOAL

Sarris
(2001) mentioned that overall poverty could be reduced with overall economic
growth.  Government needs to employ program
that specifically targets overall economic growth and the people currently
living in poverty would also be improved on its own, that is the goal. With
that in mind, then the idea of “No Poverty” could be achieved, as Indonesia should
pursue as much as economic growth and tackling two problems with one. Pandia
(2016) has argued that decentralization also puts a better push towards a
betterment in economy, thus reducing poverty. Pandia (2016) also stated that
decentralization also helps in allowing local governments to be creative and
innovative despite acknowledging that capacity of local government still needs
the guidance and regulations from the central government in order to help the
process in the future.

Indonesia
is a nation full of prospects and opportunities and therefore estimations are
also made. It is estimated that Indonesia in 2050 would move Japan out of the 4th
most powerful economy in the world, below China, India and the United States.
(PwC UK, 2017) With that in mind, hopefully Indonesia could be able to reach
the goal of lifting the whole nation out of poverty in the future, sooner than
later. Badan Pusat Statistik (2014) also released data stating that Indonesia
has made significant progress in reducing the poverty from 47.97 million people
(1999) to 28.28 million people (2014) which means Indonesia has decreased the
population’s in poverty from 23% to 12%. That means that the government in more
than a decade has done a great job in decreasing the amount of poverty, also
arguably this must keep going and not decreasing.

CHAPTER III

CLOSING

3.1
Conclusion

            Indonesia is
moving forward, and with the data from BPS and also prediction from international
community stating that Indonesia would be successful in the future as the
world’s 4th economy means that Indonesia is now going the right way.
We are currently going well in building our nation, despite recently facing the
greatest challenge in 1999 to our economy. The idea of No Poverty with the
combination of Pancasila as our nation’s ideology along with civic education
should be the supplement in pushing our economy forward.  

3.2
Recommendations

          Acknowledging
the fact that Indonesia is going forward means the program is going well. As
citizens, Indonesians should be the main supporter of the policies made by the
government, give critics when necessary and always be the evaluator of the
government’s policy, making sure that the government would not derail before
achieving the necessary growth for the citizens in poverty. Indonesia should also
keep the good policies that currently going like civic education and the teachings
of Pancasila in increasing the nationalism of citizens.

REFERENCES

Badan Pusat Statistik, (2014).
Penghitungan dan Analisis Kemiskinan
Makro Indonesia Tahun 2014. Jakarta:BPS

Hawksworth, John.,
Clarry, Rob., Audino, Hannah. (2017) The
Long View: How will the global economic order change by 2050? London:
PricewaterhouseCoopers

Kates, W. Robert.,
Parris, M. Thomas., Leiserowitz, A. Anthony., What is Sustainable Development? Goals, Indicators, Values, and
Practice. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Taylor & Francis

Mafuth, Bunyamin. (2008) Internalisasi Nilia-Nilai Pancasila dan
Nasionalisme Melalui Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan. Indonesia: Indonesia
Education University

Sarris, Alexander H.
(2001) The Role of Agriculture in
Economic Development and Poverty Reduction: An Empirical and Conceptual
Foundation. Athens: University of Athens

Sejahtera, Pandia.,
(2016) Decentralization and Poverty in
Indonesia: The Case of Karo District Jawa Timur, Indonesia: Brawijaya
University

Tempo. (2017) Jumlah Penduduk Miskin Meningkat, Ini
Penyebabnya. Retrieved from https://bisnis.tempo.co/read/892039/jumlah-penduduk-miskin-meningkat-ini-penyebabnya.

United Nations
Development Programme. (2017). Poverty
isn’t permanent. Retrieved from http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/ourwork/ourstories/poverty-isn_t-permanent.html.

Wackernagel, Mathis.,
Hanscom, Laurel., Lin, David. (2017) Making
the Sustainable Development Goals Consistent with Sustainability. Oakland,
California, USA: Global Footrprint Network