The population of London is at a growing rate, growing twice the rate of the UK as a whole from 2011 and 2015, and it’ll reach around 10 million by the middle of the next decade, according to figures. The amount of people in London had increased to 5.7% from 2011 and 2015, compared to the 2.9% in the UK. And in the same time, the cost of housing in London has flown, with the price of properties increasing by 47% from 2011 to 2015.
“With its high ethnic-minority population it may prove especially attractive to people wishing to join a family or others from that cultural background. In addition, for people heading to the UK, London is somewhere they are more likely to have some pre-existing awareness of than other parts of the country – perhaps because of previous visits, but also simply because its higher profile as the UK capital.”
EU immigration has increased from around 50,000 in 1990’s to around 280,000 in 2015 in the UK. Secondary research has shown me that 52% of EU citizens have entered the UK is due to a defiant job. The total NON EU immigration has grown from an average of 140,000 in 1990’s increasing to around 400,000 in 2004, and then it starts to gradually drop to 280,000 in 2015. Non-EU immigrants are coming to London due to several factors, better work opportunities and more often due to war torn homes. London has become the home of the most ethnically diverse population, with around 200 different languages that are spoken. A third of the population in London is foreign born. This creates a vibrant city filled with culture and acceptance, this then creates an attraction for more people to visit or immigrate.
“We’ve always had immigration… up until 2004, we had levels of around 50,000 a year and it worked very well… We then had uncontrolled, chaotic immigration since then.”
After the Second World War in 1945, Tower blocks began to boom. More than 1 million houses were ruined after the war and so London was in a need of greater scale building and at a fast rate. At this time Architects saw an opportunity for remodelling London. In 1949 the first story block was built in Holborn, High-rise residential building was one of Patrick Abercrombie’s recommendations. He believed this would help change London’s slums and replace housing that was lost during the war. Tower blocks began to be seen as a ‘quick-fix’ to the unsanitary 19th century buildings or to replace houses damaged due to the war. Creating tower blocks allowed to house several people in less surface area as low rise buildings, this amounted to more public open spaces yet still housing the same amount of people, while being cheaper to create. After the war high rise tower blocks boomed, this is when there was an increase in tower blocks being built. Tower blocks were up and coming; they were impressive futuristic buildings that were the answer to recreating housing after the war, the beam of light for the people. At the beginning tower blocks were encouraged, their views forced them to be even more desired. As they were harder to maintain and more expensive and their budget was not expendable, they started to become undesirable. Tower blocks then started to see a lot of crime, another reason they became more undesirable.