Theinvolvement of telecommunications technology for improvement of patient caremay basically include sending medical images to a specialist for interpretation,a live two-way video consultation between a patient and a provider, capturingand sending data or information from vital sign monitoring devices andincorporating all of these matters into electronic medical records. Thetelemedicine use has become an integrated part of ongoing operations ofemergency rooms, ambulatory care facilities, radiology departments, home healthagencies and private physician offices. Moreover, the federally funded demonstrationsto hospitals have extended their help to patients located in the remote areas.
Owingto innovative & newer developments in telecommunications field, establishmentof internet and lowered technology costs, the telemedicine growth over the nexteight years is anticipated to have a profound and revolutionary effect on thedelivery of medical care throughout the world. Telemedicine mainly refers tothe usage of medical or health information exchanged from one site to another viaelectronic communications to improve the patients’ health status. On the otherhand, although telehealth is closely associated with telemedicine, the meaningfor the same encompass a broader definition of remote healthcare thatnecessarily does not always involve clinical services.
Basicssuch as videoconferencing, still image transmission, e-health including patientportals, continuing medical education, monitoring of vital signs and nursingcall centers are all considered under telemedicine and telehealth. Telemedicinemainly incorporates the different types of products and services provided forthe patient. We shall list some points below that would stress on the usage whytelemedicine is used by patients and doctors. ImprovedAccess: Since many years, telemedicine has been continuously used to bringhealthcare services to patients in distant locations. Not only telemedicine improvethe access to patients but also allows the physicians and health facilities toexpand their reach, beyond their own offices.