The notion of gender inequality has become topical and
turned out to have a far-reaching effect on our democratic society. The home
truth is that it has never been a secret that we live in a male-dominated world that deprives women from developing their
thorough potential and making choices without the limitations imposed by
stereotypes, due to the lack of adequate social, legal and political support.
However, the issue of inequality, especially gender inequality, is highly correlated
to human values and moral principles. Thus it has captured the international
attention and consequently legal and political alterations are being considered
by global leaders. Undeniably, the
way to equality would be an immense challenge for the world due to its complex
nature, and would require insights from multiple PPLE disciplines in order to
be addressed objectively.

It could be assumed that the issue of gender inequality is
embedded in our mindset. In historical context, double standards in laws
existed for the female and male individuals. It was unfeasible for women to
have the right to vote in elections and to participate in the governance of the
country. National and
international organizations, such as the International Suffrage Alliance, combined
their efforts to gain voting rights and also fought for equal civil rights for
women. It was barely 19th century that the first European country
Grand Duchy of Finland introduced women’s suffrage, followed by the Russian
Empire, which elected the world’s first women Members of Parliament in the 1907
parliamentary elections. All these facts are undeniably indicative of the need
of reasonable policy to be combined with appropriate laws, in order to respond
to the vital necessity of empowering women.

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Removal of deeply affirmed barriers to equality-discriminatory laws, customs
and practices are a tremendous challenge standing in front of every
contemporary political leader. Hence, gender equality is the fifth of seventeen
sustainable development goals of the UN for 2017. Even today the places in the
parliament taken by female representatives are unacceptably fewer than the ones
occupied by the male ones. Understanding clearly the utmost seriousness of this
problem, new world leaders such as Emmanuel Macron, whose party LREM fielded a
gender-balanced candidate list, and Justin Trudeau undertook empowerment
measures related to adding more women in ministerial positions within their
governments. This resulted in unprecedented success especially for France as it
became 17th in the world rankings of female parliamentary
representation. In contrast, there was a radical drop for the US, which took 96th
position in this area, with female political empowerment at its lowest rate in
10 years.

What is more, a BBC report2 broaches the subject of inequality
by showing women’s income worldwide is relatively smaller than men’s due to not
only gendered salary differences, but also their tendency to work in lower-paid
professions or part-time jobs. Overall, if we concentrate on the bigger
picture, this phenomenon has detrimental impact on billions of women by
curtailing their right to live productively and in addition, affects the global
economy too. In a new report, McKinsey Global Institute4 proves that
global economy would grow by $28 trillion by 2025 if women participated in the
labor force to the same degree as men-a 26% increase and almost equivalent to
the combined GDPs of the US and China. All mentioned above confirms the
interconnection between the psychological and economic side of the problem.

Albeit it is undoubtedly unfair for the world not to be a level playing field for both genders, the real
damage on women’s consciousness appears the moment when inequality evolves into
violence. As an institution with a leading role in human rights protection, the
Council of Europe came to a decision it was necessary to set standards with the
aim to stop and combat violence against women and domestic violence. Therefore
the Istanbul Convention3 (The Council of Europe Convention on
preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence) was
opened for signature on 11 May 2011 and entered into force on 1 August 2014. It
is mainly based on the concept that violence against women is a form of
gender-based violence that is deliberately committed against them by virtue of
their sex. Every state which has signed the Convention is enforced to establish
rules for violence prevention of women, for protection of the victims and
prosecution of the outlaws. The Convention insists on state parties implementing
coordinated policies, involving government agencies, local parliaments and
authorities. The aim is that through the joined forces of all relevant agencies
and institutions the gender-based violence and discrimination of women would be
ended. In order for the Convention to be rewarding
and applicable in various countries, the global leaders should estimate a
certain situation through an unbiased viewpoint, which could be formed only
through the broad knowledge that the disciplines of Law, Politics and Economics
would provide them with. Also, a significant part would play the Psychological
approach because most commonly, the reasons standing at the core of violence and
prejudice are related to childhood unhappiness, emotional instability and
religious beliefs.

 Lastly, one of the most defining factors for
gender inequality is the lack of legal guarantee for equivalent education.
Consequently, if women were provided legally with equal qualifications and were
supported by the society, they would be as eligible for prestigious job
positions as men. As previously mentioned, their equal participation in the
labor market would be extremely beneficial for the global economy and would
make it thrive. Not to be missed is that in psychological aspect, the legal
equality would result in their higher self-esteem and would provoke their ambitiousness.