The East End were a place of economic activity concerned with the processing of raw materials andmanufacture of goods in factories ,new investment incentives for British industry in the late 1800s.Its accessibility to the Thames’s docklands areas and its situated on the outskirts of central Londonmade this an ultimate situation for a wide scope of manufacturing and production industries, someof which were high risk and likely to cause harm much of the industry was also unhealthy. Thiswas highlighted on 19th January 1917 when 50 tons of TNT blew up in the Brunner Mond & Coworks in Silvertown which, contrary to the judgement of the reluctant owners, had been given overto making munitions. This caused the greatest explosion in London’s history. The noise of the blastcould be heard as far as Southampton and Norwich. Upwards of 70,000 buildings were damagedand 73 people were killed. In 1800s, the introduced of railways lay out across the borough into Essex had a sign cant impact onurban form in the borough. The increase followed the coming of most of the new railway lines andstations In the post middle Age period London increase quickly and many of Newham’s village settlementsalso grew as a consequence.
Newham became an attractive area for rich Londoners to build large Troy Stennett U1129352 country dwelling due to its urban position and the fact it was within easy travelling distance to thecity. Many of these houses have since been demolished but they nonetheless illustrate a significanttransitional phase for Newham. The archaeology of this period has not yet been much exploredlocally but may have potential for the study of the new consumer society contrasting with poorerdistricts in the city itself. The coming of the railways drastically changed the essential quality of the area and caused themassive urban development which led to the area eventually being subsumed into London. TheEastern Counties Railway was opened in 1839 and a branch line to Silvertown and NorthGreenwich was added in the 1840s. The coming of the railways helps to push process of developingthe industrial growth of the community since product produced or needed by manufacturers couldbe easily transported by railways and goods unloaded at the docks could be easily transportedsomewhere else throughout the area.
The consequence was that it resulting in a industrial growthspurt causing a need for more space within housing for the workers and the progressive loss ofNewham’s urban essence generate employment and to a great extent soon there was a massiverequest for housing to provide accommodation for the workers and their families. As a resultemerge new community such as those at Hallsville, Canning Town and North Woolwich and beforelong there was housing in much of what is now Custom House, Silvertown and WestSilvertown.The new housing community stand in need of a actual water supply and seweragesystem and the housing lacked necessary service. Soon they became centres of disease such ascholera and smallpox.
The massive industrial developments that took place during the 19th century and the facilitiesprovided for the workers employed at them are a remarkable and distinguishing element ofNewham’s history. Many of the industrial facilities were in the number of the largest and mostimposing structures in the world when they were constructed. The Royal Docks were built between1855 and 1921 in the riverside area that had been marshland before being claim back.
The marshesby the River Lea provided ample room for industry. London’s docks, these enclosed bodies of water that lie on both sides of the River Thames, are asold as the city itself. In spite of, that although their story links up with the story of the increasedgrowth of trade on the Thames , there is no specific detailed about the foundation of Britain’scapital and the beginning of its history is symbolical. The river was traversable and granted power for a group of tidal mills which were before nowcritical in 1066, and in the course of the next seven centuries be of service to industries as many andvarious as calico printing, paper making, extract, and gunpowder mass production.
Until the 19thcentury most of the industries of the parish were in or near those western marshes throughout theMiddle Ages the mills make mostly flour, much of which was offer for sale to local bakers, tradingwith London. From the 14th century the bakers of Stratford are often mentioned. The Royal Victoria Dock, which was opened in 1855, was the first dock built specifically for steamships and the first to be planned with direct rail links onto the quay.