The Political Structures of the Roman and Chinese Empires Any political structure we have today was derived from one of the two most prominent structures In the beginning of the first empires. Both the Roman and the Chinese empire had a centralized control over a large mass of regions and populations. Although they had generally the same amount to control, they ran them differently. The Chinese empire was a dictated government where as the Romans had more independence with the law.
The Chinese also used a bureaucracy system o hold them together rather than using an applicable body of law like the Romans. Both these empires had similarities, but at the same time had major differences that have shaped them into what they are today. Both civilizations, though vastly different, shared one thing in common. They both had a large population to control. Each empire established a main ruler who, In the end, made the ultimate decision in an Issue.
This ruler helped the empires become great powers, expand, and become stronger than their neighbors. Once they had established their position, It was up to them to decide on how to govern their empire. The Chinese government is one that is ruled and dictated by one leader. This leader has supreme control over every region and person. The Chinese people’s way was to follow their emperors every command, otherwise they would be punished. The Chinese emperor did not want anyone to overthrow him because he wanted ultimate control over everything.
On the other end of the spectrum were the Romans, who had an ultimate ruler, but were still, allowed political freedom. The Romans had many smaller, spread out civilizations which each had their own smaller ruler. The ruler of very city was still under control of the King Philip II or Alexander, but having these smaller rulers of the cities allowed for the Romans to have a say in things rather than being dictated. This led to what was called citizenship.
With the concept of citizenship, the Romans created an elaborate body of law which dealt with the matters of justice, property, commerce, and family life and applied to everyone. This law was upheld by the emperor, the Roman courts, and the officials. This law was made to create a better way of life, a law that everyone could follow yet have a say in. This allowed the people to remain controlled, but also gave them an amount of freedom that allowed them to still be themselves and have an opinion and wok in harmony together.
Official leaders were elected rather than appointed like the Chinese. The Chinese emperor created his own bureaucracy where he appointed leaders and officials under him and trained them to do his commands. He even burned books and took away the possibility of education to the citizens to ensure that no one would be smart enough or powerful enough to over throw him. The Chinese put Into practice a government of ultimate rule to help create good people who would follow out the commands of their ruler.
The Romans put into practice a good law Tanat would Nell ensure a stressful empire, Ana Decade proud of what they had become. Both of these ways of government are still put into use today in different areas of the world. The question has always been, “Which form of government was better? “, but neither of these empires lasted with their type of government. Although this question may never be answered, we can learn from the mistakes of each to create a new government that will bring peace and unity to its people.