Thehistory of King Louis XVI is often discussed yet rarely understood. King LouisXVI was the last king of France before the French Revolution. In the followingessay we will be discussing the history of King Louis XVI. Louis Auguste de France was born in the Palace ofVersailles on August 23,1654. He was the third son of Louis-Dauphin of Franceand Marie-Josephe of Sax ony. Hewas the grandson of Louis XV. He was tutored by a French nobleman.
He studiedreligion, morality, and humanities. He excelled in Latin, History, Geography,and Astronomy. He also achieved in Italian and English. Because of his goodhealth, he was involved in a bunch of physical activities.
He loved hunting andwrestling. He also loved locksmithing, which turned into a life-time hobby. His parents hardly payed any attention to him. They spentmost their time having something to do with his older brother, Louis Duc deBourgogne. He died at age 9. His father died in December of 1765 oftuberculosis. His mother later died of the same thing.
After the death of hisparents, he married at age 15 to a 14-year-old girl named Maria Antonia. He wasshy, so for a while he kelp himself from seeing her in private. They had theirfirst child eight years after their marriage.
They eventually ended up havingfour kids. They were Louis-Joseph, Louis-Charles, Sophie-Beatrix, andMarie-Therese, which died in childhood. On May 10, 1774 after the death of the death of hisgrandfather, Louis XV, Louis XVI became King of France. He was only 19 yearsold. As king he focused mainly on the freedom and Foreign policy. He was lovedby many people and wanted the publics opinion on everything. King Louis took onmany major functions. One major event was him signing the Edict of Versaillesalso known as The Edict of Tolerance on November 7, 1787.
The Edict ofTolerance was granting Non-Roman Catholics- Huguenots and Lutherans as well asJews, Civil and legal rights in France. However, the Edict of Tolerance did notlegally proclaim Freedom of Religion in France, until the Declaration of the Rightsof Man and Citizen was signed in 1789. The French involvement in The Seven Years War had leftLouis XVI a disastro us inheritance. King Louis went through many wars in the1600s. Louis XVI aimed to expanding French territory by force of arms.
Anotherwas aim was giving France a defensible Frontier especially “the line of theRhine” in the east. He did not doubt his rights to return to France his Firstmilitary expedition was in Spanish Netherlands. After the death of Philip IV,Louis had an army of 72,000 troops, which was led by two veterans of the ThirtyYears War. Louis made an invasion as alarmed the English and the Dutch thatthey were trading war. On May 1678, they joined with Sweden to make a secret treatywith the Holy Roman Emperor. The treaty agreed that French Expansion into theSpanish Netherlands after the death of Charles II.
Later in 1672, the Frencharmy had almost 120,000 men, 8,000 household troops, 86,000 infantries, and25,000 cavalries. The French arranged alliances or benevolent neutrality withCharles II, the Sweden, and the German Prince. Louis saw the Dutch as obstaclesto French Netherlands and trading rights.
In 1679, the Holy Roman Empire alsomade peace. The Dutch war left France with a deficit of 16 million lives, butColbert died in 1683, and Louis believed the continued war was the route toFrench greatness. King Louis XVI was Convicted of conspiracy with foreignpowers and was sentenced to death. He was discharged as King and later died onJanuary 21, 1754. King Louis XVI was a young King, but he tried his best.
Learning about him was interesting. That concludes my essay on King Louis XVI.