There have been many wrongful convictions throughout the years, innocent defendants are found guilty in criminal trials for a crime they didn’t commit. To avoid harsh punishments like the death penalty or extremely long prison sentences, defendants feel the need to plead guilty to crimes they did not commit. Innocents who were wrongfully convicted spend years in prison or on death row shows that the criminal justice system has given terrible injustice. This has been an issue that has never been solved for years by the U.S legal system. U.S citizens notice such injustice occurs every day in American courts has them doubt the fairness of the criminal justice system. In the novel, “Just Mercy,” exonerating the Falsely Accused is highlighted as an issue of reform.    There are several factors that can put an innocent man behind bars or to his death that relates to the miscarriage of justice. Although there are a few wrongful convictions caused only by honest witness error, most involve from the carelessness by criminal justice officers or defense lawyers. Professions like forensic examiners, prosecutors and police are the major causes of the rising number of wrongful convictions.    One leading cause of wrongful convictions is mistaken eyewitness identification. Police have a procedure when dealing with eyewitness identification; however, this method has been recognized as being imperfect and unreliable in some cases. At times, without a line-up, police have relied on showing the suspect or the suspect’s photograph alone to the witness. This Based on exception factors on whether the witness is attentive, had an opportunity to view the perpetrator, gave an accurate description, and was certain of the description given. However, at times, even line-ups are often imperfect. Not always being attentive, police or other officials don not ensures if the suspect or suspects does not stand out from the line-up. Researchers have proven that on basis of the victim’s description of the perpetrator will lead to a wrongful conviction. The reason is that often a random person might have the similarity of the witness description that is given. Shockingly, polices and pre-jury uses that against the defendant. In the book, “Just Mercy,” Ralph Myers had failed to identify Walter from the line-up, but police still locked up Walter.     Many don’t know what goes on behind the process of police interrogation, which is designed to have a confession from the perpetrator or main suspect. This method uses some sort of psychological techniques to get suspects, even innocent ones, to talk and confess to a crime. Police usually tried not to solve the crime, because they are already convinced with evidence that points to one individual. Police are no better in detecting lies from a potential suspect. Most suspects, despite Miranda warnings, waive their rights. The interrogation setting creates psychological pressure to extract a confession. In a crime television show like “criminal minds”, viewers have an idea of how suspects are isolated and confined in a small room.  Also that an agent or an interrogator forcefully asserts the suspect’s guilt and cuts off any denials or objections.  Under the United States law, police may lawfully lie to a suspect during interrogation. An example would be that the interrogator would falsely accuse the individual that their fingerprint or DNA profile was found at the scene. The interrogation creates a sense of hopelessness in the suspect and makes police and other officials to have an advantage.    Perjury in various forms is common in wrongful convictions. Witnesses frequently lie to police for a number of reasons, and although police tend to believe that they are experts at detecting witnesses’ deception, scientific studies show that investigators do no better than chance at detecting liars. Miscarriages of justice happen often when police pay informants to supply incriminating information about suspects, which the informants then fabricate. Informants are often criminals and can be paid in many ways: money, dropping their criminal charges or favors to friends or family. This gives the most untrustworthy people incentives to lie, and police handlers often fail to properly screen their stories. A harmful type of informant is the jailhouse snitch. Numerous false convictions are obtained in part on the testimony of jailed snitches who claim that the innocent suspect confessed the crime to them or made incriminating statements. It is not all that difficult for a clever snitch to get enough information about a case to make up a plausible story for the prosecution to use. In some jails, the use of snitches has become as routine as to suggest willful blindness on the part of police and prosecutors. In “Just Mercy,” Bill Hooks, known as a jail snitched, testified against Walter and stated that he saw his truck at the cleaner’s on the day Ronda was murder. Unfortunately, there are several recent notorious cases in which crook police officers have framed innocent people for drug and weapons possession. In “Just Mercy,” Walter McMillian states, “Mr. Bryan, I know it may not matter to you, but it’s important to me that you know that I’m innocent and didn’t do what they said I did, not no kinda way.” Walter was convicted and sentenced to death for the murder of Ronda Morrison, who worked as a clerk in a dry cleaning store in Monroeville, Alabama. There was no solid evidence against Mr. McMillian. At in the beginning of his trial, Walter was found guilty and was sentenced to life in prison, the new charges against him came and he was sentenced to death. His trial lasted only a day and a half. Three witnesses testified against Mr. McMillian and the jury ignored multiple alibi witnesses, who were black, who testified that he was at a church fish fry at the time of the crime. The trial judge overrode the jury’s sentencing verdict for life without parole and sentenced Mr. McMillian to death. Bryan Stevenson took on Mr. McMillian’s case in post-conviction, where he showed that the State’s witnesses had lied on the stand and the prosecution had illegally halted the defense side’s evidence. Mr. McMillian’s conviction was overturned by the Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals in 1993 and prosecutors agreed the case had been mismanaging. Walter McMillian was released in March 1993 after spending six years on death row for a crime he did not commit. Opponents in this issue in Walter’s case would say that there is enough evidence to charge him with the murder of the young woman. One is that the jail snitch, Bill Hooks, testified that he had seen Walter’s truck at the cleaner’s on the day Ronda was murder. Then, Ralph Myers, the spotlight witness, stated that Walter raped him. Therefore, Walter was charged with sodomy charges. Also, Myers said in court that Walter kidnapped him at a gas station, forced him to drive his truck to the Monroe Cleaners because his arm hurts. Arriving at the cleaners, Walter went in and told Myers to wait. Myers went to buy cigarettes and then came back. Walter soon returns and stated that he killed Ronda Morrison. Walter then dropped Myers back to the gas station, threatening to kill him if he snitched. Opponents will believe that these are enough to put Walter out off the streets.  On the opposing side of this issue, will state that Ralph failed to identified Walter in the lined up at the police station. Also, there were enormous witnesses that would have testified that he was at the church fish fry at the time of the crime. Also, there were flyers to prove the time and place it took place. Ronda’s uncle, Ernest Welch, a furniture salesman, and a policeman who wrote in his log that he’d purchase lunch from Walter. In court, Myers gives his testimony but changes his story. He adds that he went to the cleaners and say Walter standing over Ronda’s body and that an unnamed gray-haired man organized the murder and order Walter to shoot Myers but ran out of bullets.  Also, Bill Hook testified that he saw Walters’s low-ride truck on the day of the murder. However, Walter stated that his truck wasn’t modified until months later. The opposing side will argue that the police and juries that are involved in this case are injustice and unfair. The reason is that Myers confessed that he lied at Walter’s trial and that came clean to several officers including Ted Pearson. Walter has been wrongly convicted of the murder he never committed. Also, witness testimonies were unreliable because of the pressure of the police from the public to find the perpetrator.    Throughout years, a wrongful conviction has gone from being a small issue to being an important topic within the criminal justice system. There have been acts that have been passed by the Congress, one is known as the “Innocence Protection Act in 2004.” This act is to “provide funding for state post-conviction DNA testing, encouraging states to pass post-conviction DNA testing laws, and raising the annual compensation for exonerated federal prisoners to $50,000 for each year of imprisonment.” The investigation of wrongful convictions, which challenge the fairness and accuracy of the criminal justice system, is becoming a necessary feature of criminal justice analysis. The adoption of innocence reforms will not only reduce this kind of injustice but will also improve the quality and professionalism of criminal justice participants.