Topic

Using social media on
the internet have rising sharply in the capacity of interests for each and every
employees in the work force. “There are many internet users active in social
media during there working time. And also these applications are gaining attractiveness, so are they
changing the way employers are looking at their employees and their companies
in general.” (Anon., n.d.). There are so several
aids that social media has transported to the cooperate world, but with this
every business is becoming progressively aware of the risks that are involved
with using it. Misuse of company resources, conflicts of interest, and
criticism of others are just a few. “The
Internet today is ubiquitous. It has worked its way into every corner of our
lives—including our professional practice—and it is here to stay. Technological
advances have threatened our economic and personal security and these advances
have changed the face of communication forever.” (Voshel & Wesala, 2015). ). Therefore,
the working professionals essential to look over their standards of practice
accordingly to meet many challenges presented by this changing world. This resources
growing the way we think approximately work consciences to include online
social media. Social media requires that workers reframe how they think about
privacy, confidentiality, professional boundaries, and has challenged us to
innovate with new, ethically sound ways to serve clients and constituents.

 

Abstract

With the advent and popularity of social networking sites,
the boundaries of the relationship between the employer and
employee/prospective employee have stretched well beyond the workplace and
working hours. Predictably, this relationship expansion has led to uncharted
adversarial scenarios between the respective parties. Unfortunately, in this
new, vibrant cyber world, employment law is struggling for deference and
attention. Notwithstanding this ostensible indifference, each phase of the
relationship is heavily impacted by social network media. Applicant
recruitment, information gathering and applicant selection stand to be impacted
by the social network communications made by employees or prospective
employees. This literature review examines about the ethics
for a working professional, ethical behavior and issues of using social media
during work hours, avoiding from social media misuse.

 

Literature
Review

In the
modern world, it is commonplace to use web technologies in the organization of
communication of young people. In fact, they represent the new means of
establishing communications, the tool to organize communication. This change of
the communication forms influences the content of the communication itself.
These changes lead to a significant metamorphosis in the structure of society,
impose prints on behavioral standards and even change the mentality. “Internet”
as a global information system, is forming cyberspace, creates cyber culture
with its concepts, values, thoughts and language. Today it is one of the main
components of the information society. The ambiguity of the social networks
influence is the important issue of the modern world.
Social Media means channels and platforms, which are based on the
Internet technology, for communication and content sharing between users. The main features and differences of social
media are: unlimited interactive communications; directly involved users in the
generation and relay of the media content; a high degree of involvement in the
process; maximum speed of the feedback; user personalization. Social media has
become extremely popular in recent years. The occurrence and effect
of technology in society, including the workplace, is unquestionable.
Computers, the Internet, email, and phones are now essential parts of social contact
as well as business; and their complexity, and reach are expanding continually.
In addition to the many types of people using social media, there are many
types of social media to use, all of which can have ramifications good and bad in
the workplace. Some of the major social media sites and networks are as
follows: LinkedIn is a social and networking site geared for professionals that
was created in 2003 to provide professional people with access to networking,
marketing, advertising, and job search opportunities. Any person can search for
another person’s online profile; and no password is required to conduct a
search. The site can also provide specific employment opportunities; and
employers can examine an individual’s job prospects. The site has more than 70
million users globally from more than 200 countries, according to the data
records. Social media has completely transformed the life of many, many people.
In particular, social media has materially changed the way in which people
communicate. Social media affords people readily and easily usable ways to stay
in touch with family, friends, colleagues, and co-workers, including the
ability to rapidly share information and commentary. Business today is also taking
advantage of social media for marketing, management, and human resource
purposes. Furthermore, the conception of the “workplace” has been broadened
with the advent of technology and especially the existence of “telecommuting.” “The increase in work outside the office has
further blurred the boundary between work and home, public and private Social
media, therefore, is being widely used in business and professional as well as
personal settings.” (Cavico, et al., 2013). The arrival of
Internet, protecting privacy in the employer client bond has become a gradually
challenging effort. “The popularity of
social networking and microblogging sites such as Facebook and Twitter has
increased the amount of personal information people share online, while search
engines like Google enable people to find practically anything they might be
looking for in seconds. Unfortunately, it is also easier than ever for social
work students and practitioners to blur the boundaries between personal and
professional relationships online.” (Voshel & Wesala, 2015).

Social
media ethics for a working professional in the IT sector is a challenging topic, because there are so many
ethical and compliance issues. Some of that
issues include breach of confidentiality, conflicts of interest, misuse of
company resources. It can really touch on so many levels of the company’s
operations, its leadership needs to address social media in context to its
overall business operations. Social media cannot be addressed successfully as a
standalone matter. A company that is lacking an initiative to effectively
identify, access and manage its approach to social media, and its tools, will
not only loose the many opportunities social media provides, but will face many
risks that will most likely damage the business. “Time Theft is
defined as time that employees waste or spend not working during their
scheduled work hours. This behavior is unethical as employees are compensated
for this time even though they are not producing for employers. Thus they are
intentionally stealing time rightfully belonging to their company.” (Hancock,
2016).
). The new movements of time theft with an importance on social media and
online shopping are evolving in the workforce. The study also examines if these
new trends possibly could have a negative impact on individual and firm
productivity. The results recommend that social media and online shopping are the
new platforms for time theft. The study displayed social media may be more troublesome
due to having a greater amount of users and a higher usage among the
respondents. With every respondent who had social media also having access to
an app on their phone, personal device usage might be an important topic for
companies Online Social Networks use has seen significant growth in recent
years. Facebook especially has grown so much it is number one among Online
Social Networks. As the number of Facebook and another Online Social Network
users continues to rise, so too will the amount of personal information
employees and job applicants or current employees, “particularly young ones, who “employment” results in numerous examples
of job applicants or current employees, particularly young ones, who have been
denied or lost a job because of personal information posted on an Online Social
Networks site such as Facebook.” (Kaupins & Park, 2010). Moreover, the
number of employers who research applicants and employees on the Internet is
also on the rise. A recent survey indicates that 75% of U.S. recruiters and
human resource professionals research job applicants on the Internet, including
social networking sites. A large majority of those surveyed have rejected
applicants because of information they have discovered online.

 

Conclusion

Social
media clearly has become a prevalent and powerful communications and
information-sharing medium that has fundamentally changed the way people
communicate and interact. People, personally, and as employees as well as
employers, use social media today at home, while travelling, and in the
workplace. There are, plainly, legal, ethical, and practical implications for
employers and employees regarding the use of social media in employment.
Employees should not be afraid for using social media, but they have to beware
of the ethical background when they use it on workplace. Balancing
the legitimate interests of employers and employees and job applicants, as well
as drawing the proper ethical boundary between moral and immoral conduct
regarding social media use is a very difficult undertaking indeed.