We all need sleep to be able to thrive, our bodies depend on
sleep to keep us healthy. Mentally sleep is important to give our brains a
rest, and to start fresh the next day. We all feel good after we have a good
sleep, we can accomplish much more in our daily lives if we have a good night’s
sleep. We can focus better and make better decisions, then if we are tired. We
Are also able to respond to stress in a good way if we have had a good sleep.
We are less likely to deal with depression also. This paper is going to discuss
the importance of sleep and the benefits we receive from it. It will define
circadian rhythm and discuss the sleep cycle. It will also talk about the sleep
disorders and problems that result from changes in sleep patterns.

          Our bodies
are designed to be awake for only a certain number of hours and then we are to
rest for a at least eight to nine hours. Not everyone is able to give into the
demand of their body needing sleep. We have a 24-hour internal alarm clock that
runs in the back ground of our brains it is called the circadian rhythm. It helps
our bodies know when it is time to sleep and when to wake up.  It can also be called our sleep/wake cycle. ” For
most adults, the biggest dip in energy happens in the middle of the night
(somewhere between 2:00am and 4:00am, when they’re usually asleep) and just
after lunchtime (around 1:00pm to 3:00pm, when they tend to crave a post-lunch
nap). Those can be different if you’re naturally a night owl or a morning
person. You also won’t feel the dips and rises of your circadian rhythm as
strongly if you’re caught up on sleep. It’s when you’re sleep-deprived that
you’ll notice bigger swings of sleepiness and alertness” (NSF, 2018).

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          Some people
are not able to get the sleep that they need, they have a hard time getting
sleep or just have a hard time staying asleep. Some people may have a mental
condition such as PTSD that can make it hard for them to rest, and then when
they have succeeded on getting to sleep, they can have night terrors where it
makes getting a good deep sleep impossible. The most common sleep disorders are
Insomnia, this happens when you have a really hard time getting to sleep or
staying asleep. Sleep apnea is a problem of your breathing that can interrupt
your sleep. Restless legs Syndrome is having a tingling or prickly feeling in
the legs and requires you to get up and move around. Narcolepsy is when it is hard
to stay awake during the day. Some people experience nightmares or night
terrors, sleepwalking, and sleep walking. Practicing good sleep habits can sometimes
help this, if that doesn’t help. Then a doctor can sometimes prescribe sleeping
pills, or some other kind of medication.

          If you don’t
have good sleep habits it can affect you in many negatives way. If the sleep
deprivation is long lasting, and the person already has depression it can make
it worse, turning into manic depression, the person can start hallucinating,
have impulse behavior, paranoia, and suicidal thoughts, because they aren’t
able to think and make logical decisions. Not only can it be negative to you in
a mental state, but also physically. It can also mess with your immune system,
sleep gives your immune system the energy it needs to be able to defend your
body against getting sick. Your respiratory system is also affected with sleep
deprivation. Sleep apnea is a nighttime breathing/sleeping disorder. It makes
you not able to breath properly and can cause sleep deprivation. Not getting
enough sleep can leave you vulnerable to get sick, such things as the common
cold and the flu, will be easier to catch. The digestive system is also
affected. “Sleep affects the levels of two hormones, leptin and ghrelin, which
control feelings of hunger and fullness. Leptin tells the brain that you’ve had
enough to eat. Without enough sleep, your brain reduces leptin and raises
ghrelin, which is an appetite stimulant. The flux of these hormones could
explain the nighttime snacking or why someone may overeat later at night. A
lack of sleep can also contribute to weight gain by making you feel too tired
to exercise” (Pietrangelo & Watson, 2017). 
It can also make your body release higher levels of insulin after you
eat, which is not good. The job of insulin is to control the levels of your
blood sugar. Higher amounts of insulin make it easier for the body to store
more fat and increases the risk of getting type two diabetes.

          As for a personal
schedule to accomplish my priorities and still getting the much-needed rest
that my body requires. I am a school bus driver and I am in college online. I
wake up around 5 am and are on a school bus from 6 am to 9am. I can go home for
4 hours. I eat breakfast and then take a nap from 10am to noon. I eat lunch and
then I am back to work at 2pm on the bus from 2pm to 5pm. I go back home and
eat dinner at 6:30pm. I work on school work for 2 hours. In bed at 10pm. To
make sure I get enough sleep, until I have to repeat the day.

          So, in
conclusion, getting enough is vital to our bodies physically and mentally. We
able to focus, make sound decisions, deal stress with better and not prone to
depression. We reduce the risk of getting sick, heart disease, and diabetes. We
could learn to try and work on getting enough sleep, so we can live each day better.