We cannot rely on tradition or previous knowledge or even our senses to belief something. We must reason and process the Information therefore the reasoning of each Is personal. Rationalism: the belief that we can have knowledge without experience. Only by reasoning Its existence. Logic Is used to subtend reasoning and form opinion. Empiricism: we can only be sure of something once we’ve tested it or experienced it.
This means that we use our sense perception and logic to form an opinion in the understanding and Sino of something. To see something and interpret them for what they did and how they worked signaling this as the only true knowledge. Locke all knowledge comes from observation and experience. There are no innate ideas (ideas which we are born with), we get all of our ideas through experience and observation. An essay concerning the human understanding explains how the senses and mind work together to form understanding. Even imaginary ideas are made of things we’ve experienced.
Tabular Rasa when you are born your mind Is Like a clean state as you sense them you learn about them and remember them. We know of things only because our perceptions produce sensations of things from which we form Ideas, these Ideas may be very different from the things themselves. Therefore everyone will see and understand the reality of something in a different way. Sense perception, emotion and language is not relevant to reality, only reason can tell help us interpret this. Things are seen and understood individually not collectively.
Synthesis: As we can note from the above examples and explanations both empiricism and rationalism are subjective and objective. Hence sense perception and reason are ways of knowledge which separate human mind from reality. This separation raises a problem: What is reality? Do we see and understand things as we are or as they are? Is reality subjective or objective? Empiricism might tell us how things work and what they do but without reason we cannot know what to use them for and how to act towards them.
If we are to combine these two ideologies using dialectics we can conclude that through the reasoning of our sense perception we can know reality. This philosophy is called idealism; Kant is known to be the father of idealism. Kant stated that the reality of a substance is relative to the human mind. Ideas, which are dependent on the knower meaning they are subjective, are our vision of reality, which is objective nature, yet they give shape to reality, Hegel. Kant believed we can’t trust our senses to tell us directly about reality our senses only tell us how reality appears to us.
The appearance of reality is a metaphysical transcendence unity of what the world seems and what it actually is. The appearance of things is the phenomena the actual world is nonhuman. Even though we cannot know the nonhuman directly we can detain it, based on how we perceive the phenomena world. The object (nominal world) must agree with knowledge (the phenomenal world), objects in the world get sensed and reasoned in the human mind. We don’t have direct experience with the objects instead we experience the things we perceive as being the object.
People and metaphysical and material reality form part of the same transcendent unity. Transcendent unity means the unification of human mind and nature in the same big picture, which are essentially Plat’s, Socrates’ and Aristotle’ ideas unified. We can note that there is a co-dependency between the knower and the object. If the object was not seen and understood by the knower then it would not exist it needs reason and sense perception to become knowledge. Yet the knower needs to experience or reason the object in order to use it as knowledge.
Therefore we must look at subjective and objective knowledge as one and the same. We see things and understand them as we are since it is our capability to know makes them exist yet they give us an idea of what true nature is like and shapes our own ideas. They are not parallel concepts but intertwined ideas which must not be alienated to make reality possible. We see things and understand them as we are and the nature of things makes out our experiences and reasoning, thus what we are. Human mind and true nature are not separate concepts they are the origins of one: reality.