In World War 1 the strategy that the generals adopted Is known as attrition. What this means is a process of using up current supplies before buying new ones. A war of attrition Is when an army has to fight with the men and supplies it has at hand until it runs out. If one nation has more than the other, the outcome of the war will be in his favor. Though this was abandoned later on in the war. Before they began to attack a countries artillery would bombard the enemy.
What this means is attacking a fortified place with explosives like grenades, rockets, shells etc. What would happen was they would attack the trenches to rip holes In the airbed wire and destroy the enemy’s communication trenches and the front line. After 1914 the tactics were changed so that poisonous gas was released against the enemy and tanks and aircraft would attack the enemy, tanks could break through the trench system.
I can imagine that this was a panic-stricken time for the troops that may have felt suicidal in a way. After the initial bombardment the troops armed with bayonets would go over the top’ of their trenches and charge across the burnt out shell that is no mans land, through the deep shell holes which provided shelter In hope of overpowering the enemy and aging their trenches, this often resulted in suicidal and hopeless attempts from the troops who knew that they could do little to affect the outcome. After the bombardment he sent out an officer and twenty-five men as a feeling patrol. As they reached the No Man’s Land there was a burst of machine gun and rifle fire. Only two men regained the trench… The Sergeant Major sad ‘It’s murder, Sir’. Of course it’s murder, you bloody fool’ I agreed, ‘but there’s nothing else for It. Is there? ‘ quoted from a British soldier, R. Graves after a bombardment. ‘The bombardment stops. The attack has come… We use machine guns, rifles and band grenades.
The enemy cannot do much before they are within forty yards. A whole line has gone down before our machine guns. We retreat – leaving bombs behind us – the attack is crushed by our artillery’ quoted from E. M. Armature from All Quiet on the Western Front after being assaulted by a bombardment Personally I think that It was a very bad strategy to win a war, because while you may have killed a lot of men, it is rarely a good way to come out with a victory.
However, bombardments were not the only form of fighting that was used in WWW , hen dark fell assaults would continue, since it was pitch black it was very tense as the tried to remain silent as they worked their way over to the enemy trenches and then suddenly feeling the enemy’s patrol and trying to shoot them first, flares and gas were also a threat these techniques added to the hazard that was the night raids. They would usually use bayonets, rifles or machine guns.
Since World War 1 was such a large war many weapons were used for the first time sun as ten machine gun wanly were particularly arc Though they were very different from the machine guns we know today (these were to hand held) they were still capable of firing 600 bullets per minute making them extremely good at taking down waves of enemies because it didn’t have to stop between bullets and could fend of enemies for a long time. The machine guns are absolutely terrifying pieces of weaponry, they annihilate anything that gets in the way of their unstoppable stream of bullets’ quoted from a British soldier’s letter to his family. Gas was used a lot, firstly by the Germans in 1915. The gas started of as a greenish- yellow color but gradually turned into a white-blue mist as it ascended on the British trenches. This terrified the troops as they had never seen it before and didn’t know how to deal with it, this was before gas masks came along.
The first gases would choke the enemy making them defenseless as they invaded their trenches, later came tear gas, which caused the enemy to cry and blur their vision. Others attacked the nervous system and caused troops to become paralyzed, this was extremely lethal. The most commonly used gas was mustard gas, this gas was like an acid; it caused blisters on the skin and formed foam in the lungs, which could be fatal. Worst of all, mustard gas was colorless and odorless, so it was almost impossible to detect before it was too late.
People described victims of mustard gas as having ‘hanging faces’ which brings shivers down the spine. Tanks are one of the main reasons Britain won the war. They were originally based on caterpillar tractors used on muddy farms before the war. A farmer from Nottingham originally suggested their use as weapons but his ideas were dismissed as ‘mad’. Tanks were first used in 1916, they could crush barbed wire and gave the British a huge advantage. Ten men were used to operate the tanks, it had a cannon and two machine guns and massacred the German defenses. They terrified the Germans.