This paper explores the development of women in Third World countries, most notably, Africa, Latin America, and the Middle East. Issues confronting these women are contrastingly pessimistic but also hopeful. Will research education and its benefit to women and children (African Education Report). I will examine childbirth and mortality rates and how they affect the development of women and what this may mean for the future (Maternal Mortality).
By using articles of various writers, I ill investigate the role of women in politics, effects of the recession, developmental changes for women and an overall outlook (R. Griffith). Women in a Developing World Women In developing countries are confronted with many Issues that need attention and resolution. Education and childbirth and mortality are specific areas where the need is being identified and slowing, some women are experiencing a difference In their lives. Women In lower developed countries (Olds) are. For the most part, oppressed, treated unfairly, and are short of the many opportunities we enjoy in the West.
As citizens of this country, we have basic privileges and rights. Women and girls In Olds are faced with policies that do not allow them an education. Often. Women and girls are exposed to gender discrimination and exclusion (Levine, 2010). That exclusion comes in the form of being required to help out around the house creating less time for school (Levine, 2010). When girls do get the opportunity to sign up for school, they usually face gender-based discrimination and not enough educational resources (Levine 2010).
Faced with those obstacles, most of the girls either drop out at the onset of puberty and menstruation due to lack of available throats, running water and or privacy (Levine 2010). According to a large body of evidence, if girls are allowed to get an education the experience positively serves, the local community. The government and the country. The benefits Indicate when girls do attend school, their children even become more educated, girls increase the social and economic value of their country, they become an active force in the labor Industry, children gain from educated mothers, and the cycle of poverty can be broken (Levine, 2010).
Educated women are more likely to contribute to their families, ore likely to keep their daughters way from genital mutilation and are more likely to avoid contracting AIDS (Griffith, 2010). However, the process will take some time. According to Transparency Internationally Africa Education Watch Report (Kava & Ford, 2010), schools in seven African countries report there is little accountability between grammar schools and parents, parents are rarely Involved In the running of schools, financial records are not maintained and schools are inadequately managed (Kava & Ford, 2010).
To get a real sense of the problems facing education in Africa, rivers Ana quaternaries were completed Day Olsten coeducation McCall, nana teachers and parents. Additional results found that many of the school systems were affected by corruption, including embezzlement of public funds (Ford & Kava, 2010). In parts of sub-Sahara Africa, only I-in-5 girls gets an education at all (Alter, Although school enrollment has increased in several countries in Africa, 2008). Parents were made to pay registration fees even though attending school is free of charge.
Fees charged to parents ranged anywhere from 9-40% (United Press International, 2010). Latin American countries are not faring better than Africa. A study by the Inter-American Development Bank revealed that one in three young people obtain a secondary education (Portfolio, 1999), however, in Asia, the number is 80 percent (Portfolio, 1999). Due to a decline in school age children, Latin American and the Caribbean are actually reducing the teaching force. In Lima, Peru and some other Latin American countries, including Colombia and El Salvador, education is lagging behind other regions (Portfolio, 1999).
This is mainly because many of the students work in lieu of attending school (Portfolio, 1999). While they periodically attend school, the quality of education is poor (Portfolio, 1999). A Peruvian expert, Hugo Ditz, affirms that “a high percentage of school drop outs “have not mastered the basic concepts of mathematics and other sciences, including the use of language, nor do they have access to the basic training indispensable to successfully face the challenges of the modern labor market. In addition to that issue, teachers in public school are paid low wages, there are fewer class hours and resources are lacking which all contribute to a low quality education (Portfolio, 1999). The need for education reform in the Middle East is urgent. Due to Islamic law and its resistance to modern ways, the issue of education for girls is difficult to achieve. In some cases in Afghanistan, the teachers are beheaded in extreme cases for trying to teach girls (Levine, 2010).
Reproductive health and childbirth and mortality rates are staggering for many of the developing countries. Notably, trends in the sub-Sahara in Africa indicate that infant mortality is higher due to unskilled care and that for each woman that dies, there are 30 more that incur injuries, infection and disabilities (Maternal Mortality, 2010). Statistics how women will die in pregnancy or during childbirth in the following areas: in sub- Sahara Africa, I-in-35, in Latin America/Caribbean, I-in-160, and in the Middle East/ North Africa, I-in-55 (Maternal Mortality, 2010).
The ten countries with the highest risk of maternal death are Niger, Afghanistan, Sierra Leone, Chad, Angola, Liberia, Somalia, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Guiana-Bissau and Mali (Bobsled, 2009). For all the issues facing women in Olds, the political arena has the influence of women that may assist in the effort of development for women. In Africa, Ellen John- Surreal was elected as the President of Liberia. She is the first female head of state in Africa (Sheer & Thompson 2009).
In the Middle East, women are making little progress in obtaining political positions so there few ways to affect real and lasting change. In Latin America, women are being empowered by a political organization, NSA, new social movement. The movement spearheads political, economic and social rights for women (Handel, 2009). According to research, Women in the Middle East are experiencing more advances in education, family planning and entering the work force, however, they still face gender inequality issues, divorce laws that favor USDA, explanation Ana non-endorsement TTT cremes gallant teem (Homeland, 2009).
In Iran, women are conscious of and concerned about their rights (Kiddies, 2008), and through the printed word of Suzan, a magazine that discussed gender- equality issues, forbidden subjects and included articles from reformists clerics, women were able to share and support their ideas with each other. There was a crackdown on the magazine in 2001 (Kettle, 2008). Additionally, in Iran, establishing rights for women has been curtailed in light of the danger associated with any campaign against the government.